- an application or proceeding for review by a higher tribunal.
- (in a legislative body or assembly) a formal question as to the correctness of a ruling by a presiding officer.
- Obsolete.a formal charge or accusation.
verb (used without object)
verb (used with object)
- to apply for review of (a case) to a higher tribunal.
- Obsolete.to charge with a crime before a tribunal.
Origin of appeal
Synonyms for appeal
- the judicial review by a superior court of the decision of a lower tribunal
- a request for such review
- the right to such review
Word Origin for appeal
early 14c., originally in legal sense of "to call" to a higher judge or court, from Anglo-French apeler "to call upon, accuse," Old French apeler "make an appeal" (11c., Modern French appeler), from Latin appellare "to accost, address, appeal to, summon, name," iterative of appellere "to prepare," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + pellere "to beat, drive" (see pulse (n.1)). Related: Appealed; appealing.
Probably a Roman metaphoric extension of a nautical term for "driving a ship toward a particular landing." Popular modern meaning "to be attractive or pleasing" is quite recent, attested from 1907 (appealing in this sense is from 1891), from the notion of "to address oneself in expectation of a sympathetic response."
c.1300, in the legal sense, from Old French apel (Modern French appel), back-formation from apeler (see appeal (v.)). Meaning "call to an authority" is from 1620s; that of "attractive power" attested by 1916.