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athlete

[ath-leet]
noun
  1. a person trained or gifted in exercises or contests involving physical agility, stamina, or strength; a participant in a sport, exercise, or game requiring physical skill.
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Origin of athlete

1520–30; < Latin āthlēta < Greek āthlētḗs, equivalent to āthlē- (variant stem of āthleîn to contend for a prize, derivative of âthlos a contest) + -tēs suffix of agency
Related formsnon·ath·lete, nounsu·per·ath·lete, noun

Pronunciation note

Athlete, athletic, and athletics, normally pronounced [ath-leet] /ˈæθ lit/, [ath-let-ik] /æθˈlɛt ɪk/, and [ath-let-iks] /æθˈlɛt ɪks/, are heard frequently with an epenthetic schwa, an intrusive unstressed vowel inserted between the first and second syllables: [ath-uh-leet] /ˈæθ əˌlit/, [ath-uh-let-ik] /ˌæθ əˈlɛt ɪk/, and [ath-uh-let-iks] /ˌæθ əˈlɛt ɪks/. The pronunciations containing the extra syllable are usually considered nonstandard, in spite of their widespread use on radio and television. Pronunciations with similarly intrusive vowels are also heard, though with less currency, for other words, as [fil-uh m] /ˈfɪl əm/ for film, [el-uh m] /ˈɛl əm/ for elm, and [ahr-thuh-rahy-tis] /ˌɑr θəˈraɪ tɪs/ for arthritis, rather than the standard [film] /fɪlm/, [elm] /ɛlm/, and [ahr-thrahy-tis] /ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs/.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for non-athlete

athlete

noun
  1. a person trained to compete in sports or exercises involving physical strength, speed, or endurance
  2. a person who has a natural aptitude for physical activities
  3. mainly British a competitor in track and field events
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Word Origin for athlete

C18: from Latin via Greek athlētēs, from athlein to compete for a prize, from athlos a contest
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for non-athlete

athlete

n.

early 15c., from Latin athleta "a wrestler, athlete, combatant in public games," from Greek athletes "prizefighter, contestant in the games," agent noun from athlein "to contest for a prize," related to athlos "a contest" and athlon "a prize," of unknown origin. Before 1750, usually in Latin form. In this sense, Old English had plegmann "play-man." Athlete's foot first recorded 1928, for an ailment that has been around much longer.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper