- to drain of strength or energy, wear out, or fatigue greatly, as a person: I have exhausted myself working.
- to use up or consume completely; expend the whole of: He exhausted a fortune in stock-market speculation.
- to draw out all that is essential in (a subject, topic, etc.); treat or study thoroughly.
- to empty by drawing out the contents: to exhaust a tank of fuel oil.
- to create a vacuum in.
- to draw out or drain off completely.
- to deprive wholly of useful or essential properties, possessions, resources, etc.
- Chemistry, Pharmacology. to deprive of ingredients by the use of solvents, as a drug.
- to destroy the fertility of (soil), as by intensive cultivation.
- to pass out or escape, as spent steam from the cylinder of an engine.
- the escape of steam or gases from the cylinder of an engine.
- the steam or gases ejected.
- Also called exhaust system. the parts of an engine through which the exhaust is ejected.
Origin of exhaust
1515–25; 1895–1900 for def 11; < Latin exhaustus emptied out, drained out, past participle of exhaurīre
Synonyms for exhaust
Antonyms for exhaust
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- to drain the energy of; tire outto exhaust someone by constant questioning
- to deprive of resources, etca nation exhausted by war
- to deplete totally; expend; consumeto exhaust food supplies
- to empty (a container) by drawing off or pumping out (the contents)
- to develop or discuss thoroughly so that no further interest remainsto exhaust a topic of conversation
- to remove gas from (a vessel, etc) in order to reduce the pressure or create a vacuum; evacuate
- to remove or use up the active ingredients from (a drug, solution, etc)
- to destroy the fertility of (soil) by excessive cultivation
- (intr) (of steam or other gases) to be emitted or to escape from an engine after being expanded
- gases ejected from an engine as waste products
- the expulsion of expanded gas or steam from an engine
- (as modifier)exhaust stroke
- the parts of an engine through which the exhausted gases or steam pass
- (as modifier)exhaust valve; exhaust pipe
Word Origin for exhaust
C16: from Latin exhaustus made empty, from exhaurīre to draw out, from haurīre to draw, drain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
"waste gas," 1848, originally from steam engines, from exhaust (v.). In reference to internal combustion engines by 1896.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper