- (in certain inflected languages, as Old English and Russian) noting or pertaining to a case having as its distinctive function the indication of means or agency, as Old English beseah blīthe andweitan “looked with a happy countenance.”
- noting the affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
- similar to such a case form in function or meaning, as the Latin instrumental ablative, gladiō, “by means of a sword.”
- (in case grammar) pertaining to the semantic role of a noun phrase that indicates the inanimate, nonvolitional, immediate cause of the action expressed by a verb, as the rock in The rock broke the window or in I broke the window with the rock.
- the instrumental case.
- a word in the instrumental case.
- a construction of similar meaning.
Origin of instrumental
Synonyms for instrumental
Examples from the Web for non-instrumental
Historical Examples of non-instrumental
The advance over the non-instrumental observations, which latter may be termed observations of sensation, is a decided one.
Continue your non-instrumental record of the time of beginning19 and ending of the precipitation as before.
Imperfect as all non-instrumental registers must be, they nevertheless furnish some idea of the frequency of the after-shocks.A Study of Recent Earthquakes
- the instrumental case
- a word or speech element in the instrumental case
late 14c., "of the nature of an instrument," from Old French instrumental, from Medieval Latin instrumentalis, from Latin instrumentum (see instrument). Meaning "serviceable, useful" is from c.1600. Of music, c.1500; noun meaning "musical composition for instruments only" is attested by 1940. Related: Instrumentally; instrumentality.