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ruminant

[roo-muh-nuh nt]
noun
  1. any even-toed, hoofed mammal of the suborder Ruminantia, being comprised of cloven-hoofed, cud-chewing quadrupeds, and including, besides domestic cattle, bison, buffalo, deer, antelopes, giraffes, camels, and chevrotains.
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adjective
  1. ruminating; chewing the cud.
  2. contemplative; meditative: a ruminant scholar.
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Origin of ruminant

1655–65; < Latin rūminant- (stem of rūmināns, present participle of rūminārī, rūmināre to chew cud, meditate), equivalent to rūmin- (stem of rūmen) rumen + -ant- -ant
Related formsru·mi·nant·ly, adverbnon·ru·mi·nant, noun, adjectiveun·ru·mi·nant, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for non-ruminant

Historical Examples

  • Pachydermata, hoofed animals with thick skins and non-ruminant, such as the elephant and the hog.

    The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

    Edited by Rev. James Wood

  • Pachyderm, a non-ruminant animal, characterized by the thickness of its skin.


British Dictionary definitions for non-ruminant

ruminant

noun
  1. any artiodactyl mammal of the suborder Ruminantia, the members of which chew the cud and have a stomach of four compartments, one of which is the rumen. The group includes deer, antelopes, cattle, sheep, and goats
  2. any other animal that chews the cud, such as a camel
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adjective
  1. of, relating to, or belonging to the suborder Ruminantia
  2. (of members of this suborder and related animals, such as camels) chewing the cud; ruminating
  3. meditating or contemplating in a slow quiet way
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for non-ruminant

ruminant

n.

1660s, from Latin ruminantem (nominative ruminans), present participle of ruminare "to chew the cud" (see ruminate). As an adjective from 1670s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

non-ruminant in Medicine

ruminant

(rōōmə-nənt)
n.
  1. Any of various hoofed, even-toed, usually horned mammals of the suborder Ruminantia, such as cattle, sheep, goats, deer, and giraffes, characteristically having a stomach divided into four compartments and chewing a cud consisting of regurgitated, partially digested food.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

non-ruminant in Science

ruminant

[rōōmə-nənt]
  1. Any of various even-toed hoofed mammals of the suborder Ruminantia. Ruminants usually have a stomach divided into four compartments (called the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum), and chew a cud consisting of regurgitated, partially digested food. Ruminants include cattle, sheep, goats, deer, giraffes, antelopes, and camels.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.