transient

[tran-shuhnt, -zhuhnt, -zee-uhnt]
adjective
  1. not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory.
  2. lasting only a short time; existing briefly; temporary: transient authority.
  3. staying only a short time: the transient guests at a hotel.
  4. Philosophy. transeunt.
noun
  1. a person or thing that is transient, especially a temporary guest, boarder, laborer, or the like.
  2. Mathematics.
    1. a function that tends to zero as the independent variable tends to infinity.
    2. a solution, especially of a differential equation, having this property.
  3. Physics.
    1. a nonperiodic signal of short duration.
    2. a decaying signal, wave, or oscillation.
  4. Electricity. a sudden pulse of voltage or current.

Origin of transient

1590–1600; < Latin transi(ēns) (nominative singular), present participle of transīre to pass by, literally, go across + -ent; see transeunt
Related formstran·sient·ly, adverbtran·sient·ness, nounnon·tran·sient, adjectivenon·tran·sient·ly, adverbnon·tran·sient·ness, nounun·tran·sient, adjectiveun·tran·sient·ly, adverbun·tran·sient·ness, noun

Synonyms for transient

Antonyms for transient

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for non-transient

transient

adjective
  1. for a short time only; temporary or transitory
  2. philosophy a variant of transeunt
noun
  1. a transient person or thing
  2. physics a brief change in the state of a system, such as a sudden short-lived oscillation in the current flowing through a circuit
Derived Formstransiently, adverbtransience or transiency, noun

Word Origin for transient

C17: from Latin transiēns going over, from transīre to pass over, from trans- + īre to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for non-transient

transient

adj.

c.1600, from Latin transiens (accusative transientem) "passing over or away," present participle of transire "cross over, pass away," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + ire "to go" (see ion). The noun is first attested 1650s; specific sense of "transient guest or boarder" first recorded 1880.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper