[ rash-uh-nl, rash-nl ]
/ ˈræʃ ə nl, ˈræʃ nl /
agreeable to reason; reasonable; sensible: a rational plan for economic development.
having or exercising reason, sound judgment, or good sense: a calm and rational negotiator.
being in or characterized by full possession of one's reason; sane; lucid: The patient appeared perfectly rational.
endowed with the faculty of reason: rational beings.
of, relating to, or constituting reasoning powers: the rational faculty.
proceeding or derived from reason or based on reasoning: a rational explanation.
- capable of being expressed exactly by a ratio of two integers.
- (of a function) capable of being expressed exactly by a ratio of two polynomials.
Classical Prosody. capable of measurement in terms of the metrical unit or mora.
Mathematics. rational number.
Origin of rational
SYNONYMS FOR rational
ra·tion·al·ly, adverbra·tion·al·ness, nounan·ti·ra·tion·al, adjectivean·ti·ra·tion·al·ly, adverb
hy·per·ra·tion·al, adjectivehy·per·ra·tion·al·ly, adverbnon·ra·tion·al, adjectivenon·ra·tion·al·ly, adverbo·ver·ra·tion·al, adjectiveo·ver·ra·tion·al·ly, adverbpre·ra·tion·al, adjectivequa·si-ra·tion·al, adjectivequa·si-ra·tion·al·ly, adverbtrans·ra·tion·al, adjectivetrans·ra·tion·al·ly, adverbul·tra·ra·tion·al, adjectiveul·tra·ra·tion·al·ly, adverbun·ra·tion·al, adjectiveun·ra·tion·al·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for nonrational (1 of 2)
/ (nɒnˈræʃənəl) /
not in accordance with the principles of logic or reason
British Dictionary definitions for nonrational (2 of 2)
/ (ˈræʃənəl) /
using reason or logic in thinking out a problem
in accordance with the principles of logic or reason; reasonable
of sound mind; sanethe patient seemed quite rational
endowed with the capacity to reason; capable of logical thoughtman is a rational being
maths expressible as a ratio of two integers or polynomialsa rational number; a rational function
maths a rational number
Derived Formsrationally, adverbrationalness, noun
Word Origin for rational
C14: from Latin ratiōnālis, from ratiō reason
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for nonrational
late 14c., "pertaining to reason;" mid-15c., "endowed with reason," from Old French racionel and directly from Latin rationalis "of or belonging to reason, reasonable," from ratio (genitive rationis) "reckoning, calculation, reason" (see ratio).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for nonrational
[ răsh′ə-nəl ]
Having or exercising the ability to reason.
Influenced by reasoning rather than by emotion.
Of sound mind; sane.
Based on scientific knowledge or theory rather than practical observation.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.