See under bobwhite.
any of several American quail of the genus Colinus, especially C. virginianus (northern bobwhite), having mottled reddish-brown, black, and white plumage.
Origin of bobwhite
1805–15, Americanism; from its cry, as heard by speakers of English
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
a brown North American quail, Colinus virginianus, the male of which has white markings on the head: a popular game bird
Word Origin for bobwhite
C19: of imitative origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
North American partridge, 1819, so called from the sound of its cry.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper