- any of the class of compounds derived by the hydrolysis of nucleic acids or nucleotides, consisting typically of deoxyribose or ribose combined with adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil, or thymine.
Origin of nucleoside
1910–15; nucle(ic) + -ose2 + -ide
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- biochem a compound containing a purine or pyrimidine base linked to a sugar (usually ribose or deoxyribose)
C20: from nucleo- + -ose ² + -ide
- Any of various compounds consisting of a sugar, usually ribose or deoxyribose, and a purine or pyrimidine base, especially a compound obtained by hydrolysis of a nucleic acid, such as adenosine or guanine.
- Any of various compounds consisting of a sugar, usually ribose or deoxyribose, and a nitrogen base (a purine or pyrimidine). Nucleosides are constituents of the nucleotides of nucleic acids. Adenosine and thymidine are nucleosides.