[ fluhd ]
/ flʌd /
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a great flowing or overflowing of water, especially over land not usually submerged.
any great outpouring or stream: a flood of tears.
the Flood, the universal deluge recorded as having occurred in the days of Noah. Genesis 7.
the rise or flowing in of the tide (opposed to ebb).
Archaic. a large body of water.
verb (used with object)
to overflow in or cover with a flood; fill to overflowing: Don't flood the bathtub.
to cover or fill, as if with a flood: The road was flooded with cars.
to overwhelm with an abundance of something: to be flooded with mail.
Automotive. to supply too much fuel to (the carburetor), so that the engine fails to start.
verb (used without object)
to flow or pour in or as if in a flood.
to rise in a flood; overflow.
- to suffer uterine hemorrhage, especially in connection with childbirth.
- to have an excessive menstrual flow.
OTHER WORDS FOR flood
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Origin of flood
First recorded before 900; Middle English flod (noun), Old English flōd; cognate with Gothic flōdus, Old High German fluot (German Flut )
synonym study for flood
1. Flood, flash flood, deluge, freshet, inundation refer to the overflowing of normally dry areas, often after heavy rains. Flood is usually applied to the overflow of a great body of water, as, for example, a river, although it may refer to any water that overflows an area: a flood along the river; a flood in a basement. A flash flood is one that comes so suddenly that no preparation can be made against it; it is usually destructive, but begins almost at once to subside: a flash flood caused by a downpour. Deluge suggests a great downpouring of water, sometimes with destruction: The rain came down in a deluge. Freshet suggests a small, quick overflow such as that caused by heavy rains: a freshet in an abandoned watercourse. Inundation, a literary word, suggests the covering of a great area of land by water: the inundation of thousands of acres.
OTHER WORDS FROM flood
flood·a·ble, adjectiveflood·er, nounflood·less, adjectiveflood·like, adjective
o·ver·flood, verbpre·flood, adjectiveun·der·flood, verbun·flood·ed, adjectivewell-flood·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use flood in a sentence
Up and to church, my house being miserably overflooded with rayne last night, which makes me almost mad.Diary of Samuel Pepys, Complete|Samuel Pepys
Nella-Rose bent over her sleeping child, and a wave of compassion overflooded her thought.The Man Thou Gavest|Harriet T. Comstock
It overflooded the bund which I had taken the precaution to build between the battery trench and my cavern.The Secrets of a Kuttite|Edward O. Mousley
After a few seconds the movement of his will contracted limply and momentary desires overflooded his consciousness of personality.Paul Verlaine|Stefan Zweig
The rain which had fallen throughout the day had overflooded the ford by which the American cavalry had passed.
British Dictionary definitions for flood (1 of 3)
/ (flʌd) /
- the inundation of land that is normally dry through the overflowing of a body of water, esp a river
- the state of a river that is at an abnormally high level (esp in the phrase in flood)Related adjective: diluvial
a great outpouring or flowa flood of words
- the rising of the tide from low to high water
- (as modifier)the flood tide Compare ebb (def. 3)
theatre short for floodlight
archaic a large body of water, as the sea or a river
(of water) to inundate or submerge (land) or (of land) to be inundated or submerged
to fill or be filled to overflowing, as with a floodthe children's home was flooded with gifts
(intr) to flow; surgerelief flooded through him
to supply an excessive quantity of petrol to (a carburettor or petrol engine) or (of a carburettor, etc) to be supplied with such an excess
(intr) to rise to a flood; overflow
- to bleed profusely from the uterus, as following childbirth
- to have an abnormally heavy flow of blood during a menstrual period
Derived forms of floodfloodable, adjectiveflooder, nounfloodless, adjective
Word Origin for flood
Old English flōd; related to Old Norse flōth, Gothic flōdus, Old High German fluot flood, Greek plōtos navigable; see flow, float
British Dictionary definitions for flood (2 of 3)
/ (flʌd) /
the Flood Old Testament the flood extending over all the earth from which Noah and his family and livestock were saved in the ark. (Genesis 7–8); the Deluge
British Dictionary definitions for flood (3 of 3)
/ (flʌd) /
Henry . 1732–91, Anglo-Irish politician: leader of the parliamentary opposition to English rule
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Scientific definitions for flood
[ flŭd ]
A temporary rise of the water level, as in a river or lake or along a seacoast, resulting in its spilling over and out of its natural or artificial confines onto land that is normally dry. Floods are usually caused by excessive runoff from precipitation or snowmelt, or by coastal storm surges or other tidal phenomena.♦ Floods are sometimes described according to their statistical occurrence. A fifty-year flood is a flood having a magnitude that is reached in a particular location on average once every fifty years. In any given year there is a two percent statistical chance of the occurrence of a fifty-year flood and a one percent chance of a hundred-year flood.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.