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  1. 1st Earl of. Harley, Robert.
  2. a city in S Oxfordshire, in S England, NW of London: university, founded in 12th century.
  3. Oxfordshire.
  4. a town in SW Ohio.
  5. a town in S Massachusetts.
  6. a town in N Mississippi, hometown of William Faulkner.
  7. Also called Oxford Down. one of an English breed of large, hornless sheep, noted for its market lambs and heavy fleece of medium length.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for oxford-down


  1. a city in S England, administrative centre of Oxfordshire, at the confluence of the Rivers Thames and Cherwell: Royalist headquarters during the Civil War; seat of Oxford University, consisting of 40 separate colleges, the oldest being University College (1249), and Oxford Brookes University (1993); motor-vehicle industry. Pop: 143 016 (2001)Related word: Oxonian
  2. Also called: Oxford Down a breed of sheep with middle-length wool and a dark brown face and legs
  3. a type of stout laced shoe with a low heel
  4. a lightweight fabric of plain or twill weave used esp for men's shirts
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  1. 1st Earl of. title of (Robert) Harley
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for oxford-down


university town in England, Middle English Oxforde, from Old English Oxnaforda (10c.) literally "where the oxen ford." In reference to a type of shoe laced over the instep, it is attested from 1721 (Oxford-cut shoes). Related: Oxfordian; Oxfordish; Oxfordist; Oxfordy.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper