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palatine artery in Medicine

palatine artery

n.
  1. An artery with origin in the facial artery, with distribution to the lateral walls of the pharynx, tonsils, auditory tubes, and soft palate; and with anastomoses to a branch of the facial, lingual, and descending palatine arteries; ascending palatine artery.
  2. An artery with origin in the maxillary artery, with distribution to the soft palate, gums, and bones and mucous membrane of the hard palate; and with anastomoses to the sphenopalatine, palatine, pharyngeal, and tonsillar branches of the facial arteries; descending palatine artery.
  3. An artery that is the anterior branch of the descending palatine artery, supplying the gums and mucous membrane of the hard palate; major palatine artery.
  4. An artery that is of the descending palatine artery in the greater palatine canal, with distribution to the soft palate and tonsils; minor palatine artery.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.