[ par-uh-fin ]
/ ˈpær ə fɪn /


a white or colorless, tasteless, odorless, water-insoluble, solid substance not easily acted upon by reagents, consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons chiefly of the alkane series, obtained from crude petroleum: used in candles, for forming preservative coatings and seals, for waterproofing paper, etc.
  1. any member of the alkane series.
  2. one of the higher members of the alkane series, solid at ordinary temperatures, having a boiling point above 300°C, which largely constitutes the commercial form of this substance.
Also called paraffin oil .British. kerosene.

verb (used with object)

to cover or impregnate with paraffin.



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Origin of paraffin

1830–40; <German <Latin par(um) barely + aff(īnis) connected + -in2; so called from its slight affinity for other substances; see affinity Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for paraffin

  • There was paraffin-oil on its hair, face, arms, frock and feet.

    Just William|Richmal Crompton
  • Paraffin-oil is the poorest of all present-day forms of lantern illuminants.

    Optical Projection|Lewis Wright
  • Mingled with the paraffin-oil all over its person was cold boiled potato.

    Just William|Richmal Crompton
  • For many years afterwards William associated babies in his mind with paraffin-oil and potato.

    Just William|Richmal Crompton

British Dictionary definitions for paraffin


less commonly paraffine (ˈpærəˌfiːn)

/ (ˈpærəfɪn) /


Also called: paraffin oil, (esp US and Canadian) kerosene a liquid mixture consisting mainly of alkane hydrocarbons with boiling points in the range 150°–300°C, used as an aircraft fuel, in domestic heaters, and as a solvent
another name for alkane

verb (tr)

to treat with paraffin or paraffin wax

Word Origin for paraffin

C19: from German, from Latin parum too little + affinis adjacent; so called from its chemical inertia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for paraffin

[ părə-fĭn ]

A waxy, white or colorless solid mixture of hydrocarbons made from petroleum and used to make candles, wax paper, lubricants, and waterproof coatings. Also called paraffin wax
See alkane.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.