pardon

[ pahr-dn ]
/ ˈpɑr dn /

noun

verb (used with object)

interjection

(used, with rising inflection, as an elliptical form of I beg your pardon, as when asking a speaker to repeat something not clearly heard or understood.)

Origin of pardon

1250–1300; Middle English (noun and v.) < Old French pardon (noun) remission, indulgence, noun derivative of pardoner (v.) < Medieval Latin perdōnāre to remit, overlook, literally, to forgive, equivalent to Latin per- for- (see per-) + dōnāre to give; see donate; Medieval Latin v. perhaps a translation from Germanic

SYNONYMS FOR pardon

3 absolution, remission. Pardon, amnesty, reprieve are nouns referring to the cancellation, or delay with the possibility of eventual cancellation, of a punishment or penalty assigned for the violation of a military regulation or a civil law; absolution from guilt is not implied, merely a remission of the penalty. A pardon is granted to an individual, often by the action of a government official such as a governor, president, or monarch, and releases the individual from any punishment due for the infraction of the law, as a death sentence, prison term, or fine: to be released from prison with a full pardon. An amnesty is a pardon granted to a group of persons for past offenses against a government; it often includes an assurance of no future prosecution: to grant amnesty to political prisoners; an amnesty period for delinquent taxpayers during which no penalties are assessed. A reprieve is a delay of impending punishment, especially a death sentence; it does not cancel or remit the punishment, it simply delays it, usually for a specific period of time or until a decision can be arrived at as to the possibility of pardon or reduction of sentence: a last-minute reprieve, allowing the filing of an appeal to the Supreme Court.
6 acquit, clear. See excuse.
7 forgive, absolve, condone, overlook.

Related forms

Can be confused

commute forgive pardon (see synonym study at the current entry)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for pardonable

British Dictionary definitions for pardonable

pardon

/ (ˈpɑːdən) /

verb (tr)

to excuse or forgive (a person) for (an offence, mistake, etc)to pardon someone; to pardon a fault

noun

forgiveness; allowance
  1. release from punishment for an offence
  2. the warrant granting such release
a Roman Catholic indulgence

sentence substitute

Also: pardon me, I beg your pardon
  1. sorry; excuse me
  2. what did you say?

Derived Forms

pardonable, adjectivepardonably, adverbpardonless, adjective

Word Origin for pardon

C13: from Old French, from Medieval Latin perdōnum, from perdōnāre to forgive freely, from Latin per (intensive) + dōnāre to grant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Idioms and Phrases with pardonable

pardon

see beg to differ; excuse me.


The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.