• synonyms


[pa-ren-ter-uh l]
adjective Anatomy, Medicine/Medical, Physiology.
  1. taken into the body in a manner other than through the digestive canal.
  2. not within the intestine; not intestinal.
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Origin of parenteral

First recorded in 1905–10; par- + enter- + -al1
Related formspar·en·ter·al·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for parenteral

Historical Examples

  • The recovery of poliomyelitis virus after parenteral introduction into cockroaches and houseflies.

    The Biotic Associations of Cockroaches

    Louis M. Roth

British Dictionary definitions for parenteral


adjective med
  1. (esp of the route by which a drug is administered) by means other than through the digestive tract, esp by injection
  2. designating a drug to be injected
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Derived Formsparenterally, adverb

Word Origin

C20: from para- 1 + entero- + -al 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for parenteral


1905, from para- (1) + Greek enteron "intestine" (see enteric).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

parenteral in Medicine


  1. Located outside the alimentary canal.
  2. Taken into the body or administered in a manner other than through the digestive tract, as by intravenous or intramuscular injection.
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Related formspar•enter•al•ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.