patrimony

[pa-truh-moh-nee]
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noun, plural pat·ri·mo·nies.
  1. an estate inherited from one's father or ancestors.
  2. any quality, characteristic, etc., that is inherited; heritage.
  3. the aggregate of one's property.
  4. the estate or endowment of a church, religious house, etc.

Origin of patrimony

1300–50; Middle English patrimonie < Middle French < Latin patrimōnium. See patri-, -mony
Related formspat·ri·mo·ni·al, adjectivepat·ri·mo·ni·al·ly, adverb

Synonyms for patrimony

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for patrimonial

patrimony

noun plural -nies
  1. an inheritance from one's father or other ancestor
  2. the endowment of a church
Derived Formspatrimonial (ˌpætrɪˈməʊnɪəl), adjectivepatrimonially, adverb

Word Origin for patrimony

C14 patrimoyne, from Old French, from Latin patrimonium paternal inheritance
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for patrimonial
adj.

1520s, from Middle French patrimonial- and directly from Late Latin patrimonialis, from Latin patrimonium (see patrimony).

patrimony

n.

mid-14c., "property of the Church," also "spiritual legacy of Christ," from Old French patremoine "heritage, patrimony" (12c.) and directly from Latin patrimonium "a paternal estate, inheritance from a father," also figurative, from pater (genitive patris) "father" (see father (n.)) + -monium, suffix signifying action, state, condition. Meaning "property inherited from a father or ancestors" is attested from late 14c. Figurative sense of "immaterial things handed down from the past" is from 1580s. A curious sense contrast to matrimony.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper