[ peen-l-ahyz, pen- ]
/ ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn- /

verb (used with object), pe·nal·ized, pe·nal·iz·ing.

to subject to a penalty, as a person.
to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
to put under a disadvantage or handicap.

Nearby words

  1. penal,
  2. penal code,
  3. penal servitude,
  4. penalise,
  5. penality,
  6. penally,
  7. penalty,
  8. penalty area,
  9. penalty box,
  10. penalty corner

Also especially British, pe·nal·ise.

Origin of penalize

First recorded in 1865–70; penal + -ize

Related forms Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for penalize

British Dictionary definitions for penalize



/ (ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz) /

verb (tr)

to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
sport to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
Derived Formspenalization or penalisation, noun

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for penalize



1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper