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penitent

[ pen-i-tuhnt ]
/ ˈpɛn ɪ tənt /
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adjective

feeling or expressing sorrow for sin or wrongdoing and disposed to atonement and amendment; repentant; contrite.

noun

a penitent person.
Roman Catholic Church. a person who confesses sin and submits to a penance.

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“Was” is used for the indicative past tense of “to be,” and “were” is only used for the subjunctive past tense.

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Origin of penitent

1325–75; Middle English <Medieval Latin pēnitent-,Latin paenitent- (stem of paenitēns), present participle of paenitēre to regret; replacing Middle English penaunt<Anglo-French; see penance

OTHER WORDS FROM penitent

pen·i·tent·ly, adverbnon·pen·i·tent, adjective, nounun·pen·i·tent, adjectiveun·pen·i·tent·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for penitent

British Dictionary definitions for penitent

penitent
/ (ˈpɛnɪtənt) /

adjective

feeling regret for one's sins; repentant

noun

a person who is penitent
Christianity
  1. a person who repents his sins and seeks forgiveness for them
  2. RC Church a person who confesses his sins to a priest and submits to a penance imposed by him

Derived forms of penitent

penitence, nounpenitently, adverb

Word Origin for penitent

C14: from Church Latin paenitēns regretting, from paenitēre to repent, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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