pentose

[ pen-tohs ]
/ ˈpɛn toʊs /

noun Chemistry.

a monosaccharide containing five atoms of carbon, as xylose, C5H10O5, or produced from pentosans by hydrolysis.

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Origin of pentose

First recorded in 1890; from German see pent-, -ose2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for pentose

British Dictionary definitions for pentose

pentose
/ (ˈpɛntəʊs) /

noun

any monosaccharide containing five atoms of carbon per molecule: occur mainly in plants and the nucleic acids

Word Origin for pentose

C20: from penta- + -ose ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for pentose

pentose
[ pĕntōs′, -tōz′ ]

n.

Any of a class of monosaccharides having five carbon atoms per molecule and including ribose and several other sugars.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for pentose

pentose
[ pĕntōs′ ]

Any of a class of simple sugars (monosaccharides) having five carbon atoms per molecule. Ribose and deoxyribose are pentoses.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.