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penury

[pen-yuh-ree]
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noun
  1. extreme poverty; destitution.
  2. scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency.
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Origin of penury

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin pēnūria; akin to Greek peîna hunger, penía poverty

Synonyms

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1. indigence, need, want.

Antonyms

1. wealth.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for penury

penury

noun
  1. extreme poverty
  2. extreme scarcity
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Word Origin

C15: from Latin pēnūria dearth, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for penury

n.

c.1400, from Latin penuria "want, need; scarcity," related to paene "scarcely."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper