[ per-i-kahr-dee-uh m ]
/ ˌpɛr ɪˈkɑr di əm /

noun, plural per·i·car·di·a [per-i-kahr-dee-uh] /ˌpɛr ɪˈkɑr di ə/. Anatomy.

the membranous sac enclosing the heart.

Nearby words

  1. pericardiorrhaphy,
  2. pericardiostomy,
  3. pericardiotomy,
  4. pericarditis,
  5. pericarditis obliterans,
  6. pericarp,
  7. pericementitis,
  8. pericementum,
  9. pericenter,
  10. pericentre

Origin of pericardium

1570–80; < New Latin < Greek perikárdion, noun use of neuter of perikárdios surrounding the heart, equivalent to peri- peri- + kardios, adj. derivative of kardía heart; cf. -cardium Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for pericardia

  • Mr. Darwin writes of people who, catching turtles, drank the water that was found in their Pericardia; it was pure and sweet.

    The Art of Travel|Francis Galton

British Dictionary definitions for pericardia


/ (ˌpɛrɪˈkɑːdɪəm) /

noun plural -dia (-dɪə)

the membranous sac enclosing the heart
Derived Formspericardial or pericardiac, adjective

Word Origin for pericardium

C16: via New Latin from Greek perikardion, from peri- + kardia heart

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pericardia



early 15c., Latinized form of Greek perikardion "(membrane) around the heart" (Galen), from peri (prep.) "around, about" (see peri-) + kardia "heart" (see heart). Related: Pericardiac.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for pericardia


[ pĕr′ĭ-kärdē-əm ]

n. pl. per•i•car•di•a (-dē-ə)

The fibroserous sac enclosing the heart and the roots of the great vessels, consisting of two layers: the visceral layer or epicardium, immediately surrounding the heart; and the outer parietal layer, which forms the sac and is lined with a serous membrane.heart sac theca cordis
Related formsper′i•cardi•al (-dē-əl) null adj.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for pericardia


[ pĕr′ĭ-kärdē-əm ]

Plural pericardia

The membrane sac that encloses the heart in vertebrate animals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.