[ per-pech-oo-uhl ]
/ pərˈpɛtʃ u əl /
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See synonyms for: perpetual / perpetuals / perpetually on Thesaurus.com


continuing or enduring forever; everlasting.
lasting an indefinitely long time: perpetual snow.
continuing or continued without intermission or interruption; ceaseless: a perpetual stream of visitors all day.
blooming almost continuously throughout the season or the year.


a hybrid rose that is perpetual.
a perennial plant.



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“Was” is used for the indicative past tense of “to be,” and “were” is only used for the subjunctive past tense.

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Origin of perpetual

First recorded in 1300–50; late Middle English perpetuall, from Latin perpetuālis “permanent, universal, general,” equivalent to perpetu(us) “continuous, uninterrupted” (per- “through, thoroughly” + pet-, base of petere “to seek, reach for” + -uus adjective suffix derived from a verb) + -ālis adjective suffix; replacing Middle English perpetuel, from Middle French, from Latin as above; see per-, -al1

synonym study for perpetual

1. See eternal.


per·pet·u·al·i·ty, per·pet·u·al·ness, nounper·pet·u·al·ly, adverbnon·per·pet·u·al, adjectivequa·si-per·pet·u·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

Example sentences from the Web for perpetual

British Dictionary definitions for perpetual

/ (pəˈpɛtjʊəl) /


(usually prenominal) eternal; permanent
(usually prenominal) seemingly ceaseless because often repeatedyour perpetual complaints
horticulture blooming throughout the growing season or year


(of a crop plant) continually producing edible parts: perpetual spinach
a plant that blooms throughout the growing season

Derived forms of perpetual

perpetually, adverb

Word Origin for perpetual

C14: via Old French from Latin perpetuālis universal, from perpes continuous, from per- (thoroughly) + petere to go towards
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012