a combining form meaning “rock,” “stone,” used in the formation of compound words: petrology.
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A Long List of Affixes: Suffixes, Prefixes, and Combining Forms
Suffixes -able, -ible, -ile: (form adjs) able to, fit to, worthy, capable; apt to; subject to being ~-ed -ac: one affect with -ac, -al, -ane, -ar, -ary, -ch, -ese, -ic, -ical, -id, -ile, -ine, -ish, -ory: like, of, pertaining to; characterized by -aceae: families of plants -aceous, -ous: resemblance to a substance; full of -acy, -age, -ance, -ancy, -asm, -dom, -ence, -ency, -hood, -ism, -ity, -ment, -mony, -ness, -ry, -ship, …
Origin of petro-1
< Greek, combining form of pétra rock, pétros a stone
a combining form meaning “petroleum,” “the extraction and export of petroleum,” used in the formation of compound words: petrochemistry; petropower.
Origin of petro-2
extracted from petroleum
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
before a vowel petr-
indicating stone or rockpetrology
indicating petroleum, its products, etcpetrochemical
of or relating to a petroleum-producing countrypetrostate
Word Origin for petro-
from Greek petra rock or petros stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
before vowels petr-, word-forming element used from 19c., from comb. form of Greek petros "stone," petra "rock" (see petrous).
word-forming element used from mid-20c. to mean "of or having to do with petroleum products," from petroleum.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Rock; stone; stone-like hardness:petrous.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.