- Philip the Fair, 1268–1314, king of France 1285–1314.
- 1605–65, king of Spain 1621–65 (son of Philip III).
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- known as Philip the Fair. 1268–1314, king of France (1285–1314): he challenged the power of the papacy, obtaining the elevation of Clement V as pope residing at Avignon (the beginning of the Babylonian captivity of the papacy)