[ ploor-uhl ]
/ ˈplʊər əl /
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consisting of, containing, or pertaining to more than one.
pertaining to or involving a plurality of persons or things.
being one of such a plurality.
Grammar. noting or pertaining to a member of the category of number, found in many languages, indicating that a word has more than one referent, as in English men, or more than two referents, as in Old English ge, meaning “you.”
noun Grammar.
the plural number.
a form in the plural.
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Origin of plural

1350–1400; Middle English <Latin plūrālis, equivalent to plūr-, stem of plūsplus + -alis-al1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022


What does plural mean?

In grammar, a plural is a noun that refers to more than one. For example, the noun cats is the plural of the noun cat and means more than one cat.

Plural also describes something that consists of, contains, or relates to more than one of something, as in A plural society is made up of more than one cultural group in which everyone practices their own culture.

Example: The plural form of ox is oxen.

Where does plural come from?

The first records of the term plural come from around 1350. It ultimately comes from the Latin plūrālis. It combines the Latin stem plūr-, meaning “plus,” and the suffix -alis, meaning “of the kind of” or “relating to.” However it’s used, plural has this sense of “more than one.”

In English, many nouns are made plural by adding -s (dogs) or -es (boxes) to the end of the word. The plural of some nouns is different from the singular noun, such as mice for more than one mouse and children for more than one child. We call these nouns irregular because they don’t follow the rule.

Pronouns can also be plural. When a pronoun refers to more than one person or thing, that’s a plural pronoun. You can read more about plural pronouns in the article, “What Is A Pronoun?

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What are some other forms related to plural?

What are some synonyms for plural?

What are some words that share a root or word element with plural

What are some words that often get used in discussing plural?

How is plural used in real life?

Plural is a commonly used grammar term. Its other senses are less likely to be used in everyday conversation.



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True or False? 

Plural nouns are always formed by adding -s or -es.

How to use plural in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for plural

/ (ˈplʊərəl) /

containing, involving, or composed of more than one person, thing, item, etca plural society
denoting a word indicating that more than one referent is being referred to or described
  1. the plural number
  2. a plural form

Derived forms of plural

plurally, adverb

Word Origin for plural

C14: from Old French plurel, from Late Latin plūrālis concerning many, from Latin plūs more
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for plural


The grammatical category in nouns, pronouns, and verbs that refers to more than one thing. Most nouns become plural with the addition of -s or -es: hats, chairs, dishes, countries, and so on. Some nouns form the plural in other ways, as in children, feet, geese, and women. (Compare singular; see agreement.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.