Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

polyp

[pol-ip]
See more synonyms for polyp on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. Zoology.
    1. a sedentary type of animal form characterized by a more or less fixed base, columnar body, and free end with mouth and tentacles, especially as applied to coelenterates.
    2. an individual zooid of a compound or colonial organism.
  2. Pathology. a projecting growth from a mucous surface, as of the nose, being either a tumor or a hypertrophy of the mucous membrane.
Show More

Origin of polyp

1350–1400; Middle English polip, short for polipus nasal tumor (later, also cephalopod, now obsolete) < Medieval Latin, Latin pōlypus < dialectal Greek poulýpous octopus, nasal tumor (Attic polýpous, genitive polýpodos; see poly-, -pod)
Related formspol·yp·ous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for polyps

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • The first is called the polypidom, the second is the colony of polyps.

    The Ocean World:

    Louis Figuier

  • The flying fish and the polyps are the habitual prey of the Physalia.

    The Ocean World:

    Louis Figuier

  • Here we leave the group of polyps which form united families.

    The Ocean World:

    Louis Figuier

  • Then one of the polyps becomes enlarged and its form cylindrical.

    The Ocean World:

    Louis Figuier

  • The cells, which are the abode of the polyps, are not always alike in their distribution.

    The Ocean World:

    Louis Figuier


British Dictionary definitions for polyps

polyp

noun
  1. zoology one of the two forms of individual that occur in coelenterates. It usually has a hollow cylindrical body with a ring of tentacles around the mouthCompare medusa (def. 2)
  2. Also called: polypus pathol a small vascularized growth arising from the surface of a mucous membrane, having a rounded base or a stalklike projection
Show More
Derived Formspolypous, adjective

Word Origin

C16 polip, from French polype nasal polyp, from Latin pōlypus sea animal, nasal polyp, from Greek polupous having many feet
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for polyps

polyp

n.

c.1400, "nasal tumor," from Middle French polype and directly from Latin polypus "cuttlefish," also "nasal tumor," from Greek (Doric, Aeolic) polypos "octopus, cuttlefish," from polys "many" (see poly-) + pous "foot" (see foot (n.)). Etymological sense revived 1742 as a name for hydras and sea anemones (earlier polypus, early 16c.). The Latin word is the source of French poulpe "octopus."

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

polyps in Medicine

polyp

(pŏlĭp)
n.
  1. A usually nonmalignant growth of tissue protruding from the mucous lining of an organ such as the nose, bladder, or intestine, often causing obstruction.polypus
Show More
Related formspolyp•oid′ adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

polyps in Science

polyp

[pŏlĭp]
  1. A cnidarian in its sedentary stage. Polyps have hollow, tube-shaped bodies with a central mouth on top surrounded by tentacles. Some cnidarians, such as corals and sea anemones, only exist as polyps after their larval stage, while others turn into medusas as adults or lack a polyp stage completely. Compare medusa.
  2. An abnormal growth extending from a mucous membrane, as of the intestine.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.