- either of two North American gallinaceous birds of western prairies, Tympanuchus cupido (greater prairie chicken), or T. pallidicinctus (lesser prairie chicken), having rufous, brown, black, and white plumage.
- sharp-tailed grouse.
Origin of prairie chicken
An Americanism dating back to 1685–95
Also called prairie fowl, prairie grouse.
Origin of prairie fowl
An Americanism dating back to 1795–1805
Also called prairie grouse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
prairie fowl, prairie grouse or prairie hen
- either of two mottled brown-and-white grouse, Tympanuchus cupido or T. pallidicinctus, of North America