either of two North American gallinaceous birds of western prairies, Tympanuchus cupido (greater prairie chicken), or T. pallidicinctus (lesser prairie chicken), having rufous, brown, black, and white plumage.
Origin of prairie chicken
An Americanism dating back to 1685–95
Also called prairie fowl, prairie grouse.
Origin of prairie fowl
An Americanism dating back to 1795–1805
Also called prairie grouse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
prairie fowl, prairie grouse or prairie hen
either of two mottled brown-and-white grouse, Tympanuchus cupido or T. pallidicinctus, of North America
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012