- (often initial capital letter) the bodily taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary.
- (initial capital letter) a feast commemorating this, celebrated on August 15.
Origin of assumption
historical usage of assumption
assumption has been in the language since the 13th century, and was initially confined to a specific ecclesiastical meaning in the Catholic Church. The Latin word on which it is based literally means “the action of being taken up or received,” and in English assumption referred to the taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary. That meaning still exists today, and in all the meanings it has assumed since then, one can see the common thread running through them is the sense of taking.
One early sense meant “arrogance,” as in this 1814 quote from Sir Walter Scott: “his usual air of haughty assumption.” Arrogance is a taking upon oneself a conviction of self-importance. Later senses arose having to do with the taking on of power or other responsibilities, as in “the assumption of command.”
Probably the most common meaning of assumption in use today is for indicating a supposition, an estimate, a conjecture—that is, something taken for granted. And as any schoolkid knows, presuming to assume can be dangerous, leading us to make, as the saying goes, “an ASS of U and ME!”
popular references for assumption
—Assumption persona: A persona is a detailed description of a fictional user (of a product, software program, etc.), based on real-world data. Software engineers and data companies create personas as user models to help build their products. In order to illustrate the utility of using data-driven personas in design, “assumption personas” (personas derived from existing assumptions about users) are used as negative examples showing how assumptions can lead to bad design choices.
—Assumption of risk: the name for a defense used in tort law, where the defense argues that the plaintiff took action knowing the risks involved.
OTHER WORDS FROM assumption
Quotations related to assumption
- "Wethern's Law of Suspended Judgement: assumption is the mother of all screwups. "-Mark Mills The Information Officer (2010)
How to use assumption in a sentence
He has picked pre-primary brawls with Christie, Perry, and Marco Rubio.
The Samaritan guidelines are written around the assumption that suicide is a purely irrational act, an act spurred by illness.Cover-Ups and Concern Trolls: Actually, It's About Ethics in Suicide Journalism|Arthur Chu|January 3, 2015|DAILY BEAST
At that time, pre -9/11, the links were more subtle and had to be hunted down.ISIS, Boko Haram, and the Growing Role of Human Trafficking in 21st Century Terrorism|Louise I. Shelley|December 26, 2014|DAILY BEAST
While in pre-trial detention, Krivov undertook two hunger strikes.Behind Bars for the Holidays: 11 Political Prisoners We Want to See Free In 2015|Movements.Org|December 25, 2014|DAILY BEAST
“It was just another assumption based on a paradigm that marginalizes non-heterosexual people,” he writes.Yep, Korra and Asami Went in the Spirit Portal and Probably Kissed|Melissa Leon|December 25, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The Spaniards, indeed, feigned to regard them only as a remnant of the rebels who had joined the pre-existing brigand bands.The Philippine Islands|John Foreman
Doubtless the commentator habit is fixed in the nature of man; but it was pre-eminently mediaeval.The Mediaeval Mind (Volume II of II)|Henry Osborn Taylor
Oddly enough this assumption—the most warrantable of the lot—was the earliest to fall under disrepute.The Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice|Stephen Leacock
From pre-natal days I was destined for the railway service, as an oyster to its shell.
Hilda's assumption that the ageing woman had telegraphed for her on inadequate grounds had proved to be quite wrong.Hilda Lessways|Arnold Bennett