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pretor

[pree-ter]
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noun
  1. praetor.
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praetor

or pre·tor

[pree-ter]
noun
  1. (in the ancient Roman republic) one of a number of elected magistrates charged chiefly with the administration of civil justice and ranking next below a consul.
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Origin of praetor

1375–1425; late Middle English pretor < Latin praetor, for *praeitor leader, literally, one going before, equivalent to *praei-, variant stem of praeīre to go before, lead (prae- prae- + -i-, base of īre to go) + -tor -tor
Related formsprae·to·ri·al [pree-tawr-ee-uh l, -tohr-] /priˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for pretor

Historical Examples

  • The Romans issued marriage-licenses, but before doing so a pretor passed on the fitness of the candidates for each other.

    Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8

    Elbert Hubbard

  • In Rome under the Republic there was divided between the pretor and the judex the power to decide controversies.

    Concerning Justice

    Lucilius A. Emery

  • The pretor had other duties, but the judex was confined to the single duty to hear and determine.

    Concerning Justice

    Lucilius A. Emery


British Dictionary definitions for pretor

pretor

noun
  1. a variant spelling of praetor
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praetor

pretor

noun
  1. (in ancient Rome) any of several senior magistrates ranking just below the consuls
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Derived Formspraetorial or pretorial, adjectivepraetorship or pretorship, noun

Word Origin

C15: from Latin: one who leads the way, probably from praeīre, from prae- before + īre to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pretor

praetor

n.

elected magistrate in ancient Rome (subordinate to consuls), early 15c., from Latin praetor "one who goes before;" originally "a consul as leader of an army," from prae "before" (see pre-) + root of ire "to go" (see ion).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper