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primary root

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noun Botany.
  1. the first root produced by a germinating seed, developing from the radicle of the embryo.
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Origin of primary root

First recorded in 1885–90
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

primary root in Science

primary root

  1. The first root of a plant, originating in the embryo. In gymnosperms, eudicotyledons, and magnoliids, the primary root develops into the taproot. In monocotyledons, the primary root disintegrates as the lateral roots develop into a system of fibrous roots.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.