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propagate

[prop-uh-geyt]
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verb (used with object), prop·a·gat·ed, prop·a·gat·ing.
  1. to cause (an organism) to multiply by any process of natural reproduction from the parent stock.
  2. to reproduce (itself, its kind, etc.), as an organism does.
  3. to transmit (hereditary features or elements) to, or through, offspring.
  4. to spread (a report, doctrine, practice, etc.) from person to person; disseminate.
  5. to cause to increase in number or amount.
  6. to create (an effect) at a distance, as by electromagnetic waves, compression waves, etc., traveling through space or a physical medium; transmit: to propagate sound.
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verb (used without object), prop·a·gat·ed, prop·a·gat·ing.
  1. to multiply by any process of natural reproduction, as organisms; breed.
  2. to increase in extent, as a structural flaw: The crack will propagate only to this joint.
  3. (of electromagnetic waves, compression waves, etc.) to travel through space or a physical medium.
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Origin of propagate

1560–70; < Latin propāgātus (past participle of propāgāre to reproduce (a plant) by cuttings, spread for sprouting, propagate, enlarge), equivalent to propāg(ēs) something set out, scion, slip (pro- pro-1 + pāg-, base of pangere to fasten + -ēs noun suffix) + -ātus -ate1
Related formsprop·a·ga·tive, prop·a·ga·to·ry [prop-uh-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ˈprɒp ə gəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/, adjectiveprop·a·ga·tor, nounnon·prop·a·ga·tive, adjectiveself-prop·a·gat·ed, adjectiveself-prop·a·gat·ing, adjectiveun·prop·a·gat·ed, adjectiveun·prop·a·ga·tive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

gardenergrowerhorticulturistpropagator

Examples from the Web for propagator

Historical Examples

  • The church has been the conserver and propagator of spiritual force.

    Society

    Henry Kalloch Rowe

  • They could not adopt this new rgime, and the propagator must be silenced.

  • Many will incline to believe or to side with the propagator.

  • He was the pioneer, the leader, the propagator, of Universalism.

  • Air, the propagator and transmitter of sound, was absent from her surface.


British Dictionary definitions for propagator

propagator

noun
  1. a person or thing that propagates
  2. a shallow box with a heating element and cover used for germinating seeds or rooting cuttings
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propagate

verb
  1. biology to reproduce or cause to reproduce; breed
  2. (tr) horticulture to produce (plants) by layering, grafting, cuttings, etc
  3. (tr) to promulgate; disseminate
  4. physics to move through, cause to move through, or transmit, esp in the form of a waveto propagate sound
  5. (tr) to transmit (characteristics) from one generation to the next
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Derived Formspropagation, nounpropagational, adjectivepropagative, adjective

Word Origin

C16: from Latin propāgāre to increase (plants) by cuttings, from propāgēs a cutting, from pangere to fasten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for propagator

propagate

v.

1560s, "to cause to multiply," from Latin propagatus, past participle of propagare "to set forward, extend, procreate" (see propagation). Intransitive sense "reproduce one's kind" is from c.1600. Related: Propagated; propagating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

propagator in Medicine

propagate

(prŏpə-gāt′)
v.
  1. To cause an organism to multiply or breed.
  2. To breed offspring.
  3. To transmit characteristics from one generation to another.
  4. To cause to move in some direction or through a medium, such as a wave or nerve impulse.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.