"science of bringing up healthy children," including prenatal care, 1887, from French puériculture (A. Caron, 1866), from Latin puer "boy, child" (see puerility) + cultura "cultivation" (see culture).
Examples from the Web for puericulture
The care of the infant has indeed now become a new applied science, the science of puericulture.
Without a large degree of maternal rest there can be no puericulture.
In the end they will probably be considered necessary centres for any national system of puericulture.
Puericulture is an advanced science in France, where baby lives are more precious than anywhere else in the world.Paris Vistas|Helen Davenport Gibbons
The word "puericulture" was invented by Dr. Caron in 1866 to signify the culture of children after birth.