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profiling

[proh-fahy-ling]
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noun
  1. the use of personal characteristics or behavior patterns to make generalizations about a person, as in gender profiling.
  2. the use of these characteristics to determine whether a person may be engaged in illegal activity, as in racial profiling.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for racial profiling

racial profiling

noun
  1. government activity directed at a suspect or group of suspects based solely on race
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profiling

noun
  1. the practice of categorizing people and predicting their behaviour according to particular characteristics such as race or ageracial profiling
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for racial profiling

profiling

n.

by 1852 as a term in field engineering, verbal noun from profile (v.). The racial/ethnic stereotyping sense is attested from c.1991, American English.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper