[ raf-i-deez ]
/ ˈræf ɪˌdiz /
plural noun, singular ra·phide [rey-fahyd] /ˈreɪ faɪd/, ra·phis [rey-fis] /ˈreɪ fɪs/. Botany.
acicular crystals, usually composed of calcium oxalate, that occur in bundles in the cells of many plants.
Origin of raphides
1835–45; < New Latin < Greek rhaphídes, plural of rhaphís needle
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for raphide
/ (ˈreɪfaɪd) /
noun plural raphides (ˈræfɪˌdiːz)
any of numerous needle-shaped crystals, usually of calcium oxalate, that occur in many plant cells as a metabolic product
Word Origin for raphide
C18: from French, from Greek rhaphis needle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Science definitions for raphide
[ rā′fīd ]
Plural raphides (răf′ĭ-dēz′)
One of a bundle of needlelike crystals of calcium oxalate occurring in many plant cells. The crystals discourage animals from eating the plant by irritating their tissues.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.