instruct

[in-struhkt]
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verb (used with object)

to furnish with knowledge, especially by a systematic method; teach; train; educate.
to furnish with orders or directions; direct; order; command: The doctor instructed me to diet.
to furnish with information; inform; apprise.
Law. (of a judge) to guide (a jury) by outlining the legal principles involved in the case under consideration.

Origin of instruct

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin instructus past participle of instruere to equip, train, set in order, equivalent to in- in-2 + struc- (variant stem of struere to put together) + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsin·struct·ed·ly, adverbin·struct·ed·ness, nounin·struct·i·ble, adjectivemis·in·struct, verb (used with object)o·ver·in·struct, verb (used with object)pre·in·struct, verb (used with object)qua·si-in·struct·ed, adjectivere·in·struct, verb (used with object)self-in·struct·ed, adjectiveself-in·struct·ing, adjectiveun·in·struct·i·ble, adjectiveun·in·struct·ing, adjectivewell-in·struct·ed, adjective

Synonym study

1. See teach.

Synonyms for instruct

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for re-instructed

instruct

verb (tr)

to direct to do something; order
to teach (someone) how to do (something)
to furnish with information; apprise
law, mainly British
  1. (esp of a client to his solicitor or a solicitor to a barrister) to give relevant facts or information to
  2. to authorize (a barrister or solicitor) to conduct a case on a person's behalfto instruct counsel
Derived Formsinstructible, adjective

Word Origin for instruct

C15: from Latin instruere to construct, set in order, equip, teach, from struere to build
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for re-instructed

instruct

v.

early 15c., from Latin instructus, past participle of instruere "arrange, inform, teach," literally "to build, erect," from in- "on" (see in- (2)) + struere "to pile, build" (see structure (n.)). Related: Instructed; instructing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper