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reft

[reft]
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verb
  1. a simple past tense and past participle of reave1.
  2. a simple past tense and past participle of reave2.
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reave1

[reev]
verb (used with object), reaved or reft, reav·ing. Archaic.
  1. to take away by or as by force; plunder; rob.
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Origin of reave1

before 900; Middle English reven, Old English rēafian; cognate with German rauben, Dutch roven to rob

reave2

[reev]
verb (used with or without object), reaved or reft, reav·ing.
  1. Archaic. to rend; break; tear.
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Origin of reave2

1175–1225; Middle English; apparently special use of reave1 (by association with rive)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

cleftsplitreftbranchedproratedapartasunderincompleteunattacheddisunitypartite

Examples from the Web for reft

Historical Examples

  • The man was hers; and if she reft herself away from him, then she must die.

    Tiverton Tales

    Alice Brown

  • And this reft house is that the which he built, Lamented Jack!

  • The horses started aside for fear, and he was reft of life and strength.

  • And yet, I love you, and will grieve till the end that you should have been reft from me.

  • The bottom has been reft from the fishes and converted into fertile soil.

    Naples Past and Present

    Arthur H. Norway


British Dictionary definitions for reft

reft

verb
  1. a past tense and past participle of reave 1
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reave1

verb reaves, reaving, reaved or reft (rɛft) archaic
  1. to carry off (property, prisoners, etc) by force
  2. (tr foll by of) to deprive; stripSee also reive
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Word Origin

Old English reāfian; related to Old High German roubōn to rob, Old Norse raufa to break open

reave2

verb reaves, reaving, reaved or reft (rɛft)
  1. archaic to break or tear (something) apart; cleave
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Word Origin

C13 reven, probably from reave 1 and influenced in meaning by rive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for reft

past participle of reave.

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reave

v.

Old English reafian "to rob (something from someone), plunder, pillage," from Proto-Germanic *raubjon (cf. Old Frisian ravia, Middle Dutch roven, Dutch rooven, Old High German roubon, German rauben), from PIE *reup- "to snatch" (see rip (v.)). Related: Reaved; reaving.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper