retaliate

[ri-tal-ee-eyt]
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verb (used without object), re·tal·i·at·ed, re·tal·i·at·ing.
  1. to return like for like, especially evil for evil: to retaliate for an injury.
verb (used with object), re·tal·i·at·ed, re·tal·i·at·ing.
  1. to requite or make return for (a wrong or injury) with the like.

Origin of retaliate

1605–15; < Late Latin retāliātus (past participle of retāliāre), equivalent to re- re- + tāli(s) such, of such a nature + -ātus -ate1
Related formsre·tal·i·a·tive, re·tal·i·a·to·ry [ri-tal-ee-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /rɪˈtæl i əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/, adjectivere·tal·i·a·tor, nounun·re·tal·i·at·ed, adjectiveun·re·tal·i·at·ing, adjectiveun·re·tal·i·a·tive, adjectiveun·re·tal·i·a·to·ry, adjective

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for retaliatory

retaliate

verb
  1. (intr) to take retributory action, esp by returning some injury or wrong in kind
  2. (intr) to cast (accustations) back upon a person
  3. (tr) rare to avenge (an injury, wrong, etc)
Derived Formsretaliation, nounretaliative or retaliatory, adjectiveretaliator, noun

Word Origin for retaliate

C17: from Late Latin retāliāre, from Latin re- + tālis of such kind
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for retaliatory
adj.

1783; see retaliate + -ory. Alternative retaliative attested from 1819.

retaliate

v.

1610s, from Latin retaliatus, past participle of retaliare "requite, retaliate" (see retaliation). Related: Retaliated; retaliating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper