verb (used without object)
verb (used with object)
- thin cake spread with jelly or the like and rolled up.
- a small cake of bread, originally and still often rolled or doubled on itself before baking.
- meat rolled up and cooked.
- a single, complete rotation of an airplane about the axis of the fuselage with little loss of altitude or change of direction.
- (of an aircraft or rocket) the act of rolling.
- the angular displacement caused by rolling.
- paper currency carried folded or rolled up: He took out an impressive roll and paid the check with a $100 bill.
- bankroll; funds: People were encouraged to shoot their rolls on mining speculation.
- a single cast of or turn at casting the dice.
- the total number of pips or points made by a single cast; score or point.
- to luxuriate in; abound in: rolling in money.
- to go to bed; retire: They would roll in later and later every night.
- to mix and average the cost of (a higher-priced commodity or item) with that of a cheaper one so as to increase the retail price.
- to add: Labor wants to roll in periodic increases with their wage demands.
- to arrive, especially in large numbers or quantity: When do my dividends start rolling in?
- to spread out or flatten: to roll out dough.
- Informal.to arise from bed; get up: It was nearly impossible to roll out on the first day back after vacation.
- Football.to execute a rollout.
- Informal.to introduce; unveil: a TV advertising campaign to roll out the new car.
- Business.to reinvest funds, especially a tax-free transfer of assets from one retirement plan to another.
- to overturn: The truck rolled over, and the driver hung by her seatbelt.
- to turn over: I rolled over in my sleep and nearly fell out of bed.
- to accumulate; collect: to roll up a large vote.
- to increase.
- to arrive in a conveyance: He rolled up to the front door in a chauffeur-driven limousine.
- (in a gambling game) having a continuing winning streak.
- enjoying continuing good luck or success: She's been on a roll since taking that course on sales techniques.
Origin of roll
Synonyms for roll
Related Words for roll backmitigate, dilute, erode, slacken, minimize, ease, shrink, impair, dwindle, decrease, abate, narrow, diminish, curtail, lighten, weaken, pare, cut, soften, lessen
- to expel from membership
- to debar (a solicitor) from practising, usually because of dishonesty
Word Origin for roll
early 13c., "rolled-up piece of parchment or paper" (especially one inscribed with an official record), from Old French rolle "document, parchment scroll, decree" (12c.), from Medieval Latin rotulus "a roll of paper" (source also of Spanish rollo, Italian ruollo), from Latin rotula "small wheel," diminutive of rota "wheel" (see rotary).
Meaning "a register, list, catalogue" is from late 14c., common from c.1800. Meaning "dough which is rolled before baking" is first recorded mid-15c. Sense of "act of rolling" is from 1743. Meaning "quantity of material rolled up" is from late 14c.; meaning "quantity of paper money" is from 1846; sense of "quantity of (rolled) film" is from 1890. Meaning "act of sexual intercourse" is attested from 1942 (roll in the hay), from roll (v.). Dutch rol, German Rolle, Danish rulle, etc. are from French.
c.1300 "turn over and over, move by rotating" (intransitive); late 14c. as "to move (something) by turning it over and over;" from Old French roeller "roll, wheel round" (Modern French rouler), from Medieval Latin rotulare, from Latin rotula, diminutive of rota "wheel" (see rotary). Related: Rolled; rolling.
Of sounds (e.g. thunder) somehow suggestive of a rolling ball, 1590s; of a drum from 1680s. Of eyes, from late 14c. Of a movie camera, "to start filming," from 1938. Sense of "rob a stuporous drunk" is from 1873, from the action required to get to his pockets. To roll up "gather, congregate" is from 1861, originally Australian. To be on a roll is from 1976. To roll with the punches is a metaphor from boxing (1940). Heads will roll is a Hitlerism:
If our movement is victorious there will be a revolutionary tribunal which will punish the crimes of November 1918. Then decapitated heads will roll in the sand. 
Decrease, cut back, or reduce, especially prices, as in Unless they roll back oil prices, this summer's tourist traffic will be half of last year's. [c. 1940]
In addition to the idioms beginning with roll
- roll around
- roll back
- roll in
- rolling stone
- roll in the aisles
- roll in the hay
- roll out
- roll over
- roll the bones
- roll up
- roll up one's sleeves
- roll with the punches
- easy as pie (rolling off a log)
- get rolling
- get the ball rolling
- heads will roll
- on a roll
- red carpet