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rout1

[rout]
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noun
  1. a defeat attended with disorderly flight; dispersal of a defeated force in complete disorder: to put an army to rout; to put reason to rout.
  2. any overwhelming defeat: a rout of the home team by the state champions.
  3. a tumultuous or disorderly crowd of persons.
  4. the rabble or mob.
  5. Law. a disturbance of the public peace by three or more persons acting together in a manner that suggests an intention to riot although they do not actually carry out the intention.
  6. a large, formal evening party or social gathering.
  7. Archaic. a company or band of people.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to disperse in defeat and disorderly flight: to rout an army.
  2. to defeat decisively: to rout an opponent in conversation.
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Origin of rout1

1200–50; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French rute, Old French route a fraction, detachment < Latin rupta, feminine past participle of rumpere to break; (v.) derivative of the noun
Can be confusedroot rout route

Synonyms

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3. swarm, horde. 9. overwhelm, overcome, subdue.

route

[root, rout]
noun
  1. a course, way, or road for passage or travel: What's the shortest route to Boston?
  2. a customary or regular line of passage or travel: a ship on the North Atlantic route.
  3. a specific itinerary, round, or number of stops regularly visited by a person in the performance of his or her work or duty: a newspaper route; a mail carrier's route.
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verb (used with object), rout·ed, rout·ing.
  1. to fix the route of: to route a tour.
  2. to send or forward by a particular route: to route mail to its proper destination.
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Idioms
  1. go the route, Informal.
    1. to see something through to completion: It was a tough assignment, but he went the route.
    2. Baseball.to pitch the complete game: The heat and humidity were intolerable, but the pitcher managed to go the route.
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Origin of route

1175–1225; Middle English: way, course < Old French < Latin rupta (via) broken (road), feminine past participle of rumpere to break; cf. rout1
Related formsmis·route, verb (used with object), mis·rout·ed, mis·rout·ing.pre·route, verb (used with object), pre·rout·ed, pre·rout·ing.re·route, verb, re·rout·ed, re·rout·ing.
Can be confusedroot rout route

Synonyms

See more synonyms for route on Thesaurus.com
3. beat, circuit.

rout2

[rout]
verb (used without object)
  1. to root: pigs routing in the garden.
  2. to poke, search, or rummage.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to turn over or dig up (something) with the snout.
  2. to find or get by searching, rummaging, etc. (usually followed by out).
  3. to cause to rise from bed (often followed by up or out).
  4. to force or drive out.
  5. to hollow out or furrow, as with a scoop, gouge, or machine.
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Origin of rout2

1540–50; alteration of root2; compare Middle Dutch ruten to root out

rout3

[rout]
verb (used without object) Archaic.
  1. to snore.
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Origin of rout3

before 900; Middle English routen, Old English hrūtan; cognate with Old High German hrūzan

rout4

[rout, root]Chiefly British Dialect
verb (used with or without object)
  1. to bellow; roar.
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noun
  1. a bellow.
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Origin of rout4

1250–1300; Middle English rowten < Old Norse rauta to bellow; akin to Latin rudere
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for routed

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • He closed them slowly for a moment, as if to collect his routed thoughts.

    The Secret Agent

    Joseph Conrad

  • At all other points it had been not only defeated, but routed.

    The Rock of Chickamauga

    Joseph A. Altsheler

  • For the time, fear had been routed by growth, while growth had assumed the guise of curiosity.

    White Fang

    Jack London

  • In the morning it was Henry who awoke first and routed his companion out of bed.

    White Fang

    Jack London

  • But the Belgian army within security of Antwerp had not been routed.


British Dictionary definitions for routed

rout1

noun
  1. an overwhelming defeat
  2. a disorderly retreat
  3. a noisy rabble
  4. law a group of three or more people proceeding to commit an illegal act
  5. archaic a large party or social gathering
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verb
  1. (tr) to defeat and cause to flee in confusion
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Word Origin

C13: from Anglo-Norman rute, from Old French: disorderly band, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to burst; see route

rout2

verb
  1. to dig over or turn up (something), esp (of an animal) with the snout; root
  2. (tr ; usually foll by out or up) to get or find by searching
  3. (tr usually foll by out) to force or drive outthey routed him out of bed at midnight
  4. (tr often foll by out) to hollow or gouge out
  5. (intr) to search, poke, or rummage
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Word Origin

C16: variant of root ²

route

noun
  1. the choice of roads taken to get to a place
  2. a regular journey travelled
  3. (capital) US a main road between citiesRoute 66
  4. mountaineering the direction or course taken by a climb
  5. med the means by which a drug or agent is administered or enters the body, such as by mouth or by injectionoral route
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verb routes, routing, routeing or routed (tr)
  1. to plan the route of; send by a particular route
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French rute, from Vulgar Latin rupta via (unattested), literally: a broken (established) way, from Latin ruptus broken, from rumpere to break, burst

usage

When forming the present participle or verbal noun from the verb to route it is preferable to retain the e in order to distinguish the word from routing, the present participle or verbal noun from rout 1, to defeat or rout 2, to dig, rummage: the routeing of buses from the city centre to the suburbs . The spelling routing in this sense is, however, sometimes encountered, esp in American English
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for routed

rout

n.

1590s, "disorderly retreat following a defeat," from Middle French route "disorderly flight of troops," literally "a breaking off, rupture," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," literally "a broken group," from noun use of Latin rupta, fem. past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)).

The archaic English noun rout "group of persons, assemblage," is the same word, from Anglo-French rute, Old French route "host, troop, crowd," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," here with sense of "a division, a detachment." It first came to English meaning "group of soldiers" (early 13c.), also "gang of outlaws or rioters, mob" (c.1300) before the more general sense developed 14c. Also as a legal term. Cf. rout-cake (1807), one baked for use at a reception.

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route

n.

early 13c., from Old French rute "road, way, path" (12c.), from Latin rupta (via) "(a road) opened by force," from rupta, fem. past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)). Sense of "fixed or regular course for carrying things" (cf. mail route) is 1792, an extension of the meaning "customary path of animals" (early 15c.).

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rout

v.

"drive into disordered flight by defeat," c.1600, from rout (n.). Related: Routed; routing.

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route

v.

1890, from route (n.). Related: Routed; routing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper