Dictionary.com

Rutherford scattering

Save This Word!

noun Physics.
the scattering of an alpha particle through a large angle with respect to the original direction of motion of the particle, caused by an atom (Rutherford atom ) with most of the mass and all of the positive electric charge concentrated at a center or nucleus.
QUIZ
QUIZ YOURSELF ON AFFECT VS. EFFECT!
In effect, this quiz will prove whether or not you have the skills to know the difference between “affect” and “effect.”
Question 1 of 7
The rainy weather could not ________ my elated spirits on my graduation day.
Meet Grammar CoachWrite or paste your essay, email, or story into Grammar Coach and get grammar helpImprove Your Writing
Meet Grammar CoachImprove Your Writing
Write or paste your essay, email, or story into Grammar Coach and get grammar help
Also called al·pha-par·ti·cle scat·tering [al-fuh -pahr-ti-kuhl], /ˈæl fə ˌpɑr tɪ kəl/, Rutherford alpha-particle scattering .

Origin of Rutherford scattering

First recorded in 1925–30; named after Ernest Rutherford
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use Rutherford scattering in a sentence

Scientific definitions for Rutherford scattering

Rutherford scattering

The scattering undergone by a stream of heavy charged particles, generally alpha particles fired at a sample of a heavy metal, caused by exposure to coulomb forces exerted by the atomic nuclei of the sample. The patterns produced by such scattering off an extremely thin sheet of gold were early evidence that atoms contain a tiny, positively charged core, what is now called the atomic nucleus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
FEEDBACK