• synonyms


[san-hed-rin, -hee-drin, sahn-, san-i-drin]
noun Jewish History.
  1. Also called Great Sanhedrin. the highest council of the ancient Jews, consisting of 71 members, and exercising authority from about the 2nd century b.c.
  2. Also called Lesser Sanhedrin. a lower tribunal of this period, consisting of 23 members.
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Also San·he·drim [san-hi-drim, san-i-] /ˈsæn hɪ drɪm, ˈsæn ɪ-/.

Origin of Sanhedrin

1580–90; < late Hebrew Sanhedhrīn < Greek synédrion, equivalent to syn- syn- + hédr(a) seat (cf. cathedral) + -ion noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sanhedrim

Historical Examples

  • In English it is sometimes though inaccurately, written "Sanhedrim."

    Jesus the Christ

    James Edward Talmage

  • Stephen was arrested and led into the presence of the Sanhedrim.

  • This gathering was presumably the Sanhedrim, the high council of the Jews.

  • All meetings of the Sanhedrim were held in the hall adjoining the temple.

    The Christ

    John Eleazer Remsburg

  • This, according to Luke, was his first and only appearance before the Sanhedrim.

    The Christ

    John Eleazer Remsburg

British Dictionary definitions for sanhedrim


noun Judaism
  1. the supreme judicial, ecclesiastical, and administrative council of the Jews in New Testament times, having 71 members
  2. a similar tribunal of 23 members having less important functions and authority
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Word Origin

C16: from Late Hebrew, from Greek sunedrion council, from sun- syn- + hedra seat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sanhedrim


1580s, from Late Hebrew sanhedrin (gedola) "(great) council," from Greek synedrion "assembly, council," literally "sitting together," from syn- "together" (see syn-) + hedra "seat" (see cathedral). Abolished at the destruction of Jerusalem, C.E. 70. The proper form is sanhedrin; the error began as a false correction when the Greek word was taken into Mishanic Hebrew, where -in is a form of the plural suffix of which -im is the more exact form.

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see sanhedrim.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper