noun, plural sar·coph·a·gi [sahr-kof-uh-jahy] /sɑrˈkɒf əˌdʒaɪ/, sar·coph·a·gus·es.
- sarcoplasmic reticulum,
Origin of sarcophagus
Examples from the Web for sarcophagi
The principal use of sculpture by the early Christians was for the decoration of the sarcophagi, or burial-cases.A History of Art for Beginners and Students|Clara Erskine Clement
The Greco-Roman style is represented by two sarcophagi which represent the story of Hippolytus.Constantinople|William Holden Hutton
The sarcophagi are designedly much too small; there is hardly room for the figures on them.Michelangelo|Romain Rolland
Among the sculptures two or three, sarcophagi may be specially noted.The Shores of the Adriatic|F. Hamilton Jackson
Some of the most interesting examples of early Ionic painting are found on the sarcophagi of Clazomenae.
noun plural -gi (-ˌɡaɪ) or -guses
Word Origin for sarcophagus
plural of sarcophagus (q.v.).
c.1600, "type of stone used for coffins," from Latin sarcophagus, from Greek sarkophagos "limestone used for coffins," literally "flesh-eating," in reference to the supposed action of this type of limestone (quarried near Assos in Troas, hence the Latin lapis Assius) in quickly decomposing the body, from sarx (genitive sarkos) "flesh" (see sarcasm) + phagein "to eat" (see -phagous). Related: Sarcophagal.
The "stone" sense was the earliest in English; meaning "stone coffin, often with inscriptions or decorative carvings" is recorded from 1705. The Latin word, shortened in Vulgar Latin to *sarcus, is the source of French cercueil, German Sarg "coffin," Dutch zerk "tombstone."