verb (used with object)
- to divide (one's vote) though predominantly supporting one political party or faction.
- to strike out or reject a particular name or names on (a party ticket) in voting.
verb (used without object)
- a shot resulting in a penalty, especially a pocketing of the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
- a fluke or lucky shot.
- from the very beginning or starting point.
- from nothing; without resources: After the depression he started another business from scratch.
Origin of scratch
Examples from the Web for scratching
Contemporary Examples of scratching
Over 2,000 years ago, Aristotle was scratching his head about them.The Science of Weepies: Why We Love Crying at the Movies
June 4, 2014
There are many cultural phenomena that leave me scratching my head.Doc Says No to Soylent
May 13, 2014
The sheer scale of what they are examining is daunting—and they are only scratching the surface.Ukraine Revolutionaries Bitter about Crimea Loss and Kiev Incompetence
March 27, 2014
It all boils down to scratching your name in the bark of a tree.Mel Brooks Is Always Funny and Often Wise in This 1975 Playboy Interview
February 16, 2014
The scenery is beautiful, including green rolling hills and massive waterfalls and the ending will leave you scratching your head.Lady Gaga, Avril Lavigne & More Best Music Videos of the Week (VIDEO)
August 25, 2013
Historical Examples of scratching
At about noon we found some water in a gully by scratching a hole, but it was quite salt.Explorations in Australia
"I know not about that," said the big archer, scratching his head in perplexity.The White Company
Arthur Conan Doyle
We're all like a lot of hens in a backyard, scratching so many hours a day.Dust
Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius
"There is one other lodging," answered the headborough, scratching his head.A Hero of Our Time
M. Y. Lermontov
Then Tom took an attitude and let on to be studying with all his might, and scratching his head.Tom Sawyer, Detective
Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
- to make a shot resulting in a penalty
- to make a lucky shot
- a competitor or the status of a competitor who has no allowance or receives a penalty
- (as modifier)a scratch player
- the line from which competitors start in a race
- (formerly) a line drawn on the floor of a prize ring at which the contestants stood to begin or continue fighting
- a shot that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball enters the pocket
- a lucky shot
Word Origin for scratch
c.1400, probably a fusion of Middle English scratten and crachen, both meaning "to scratch," both of uncertain origin. Related: Scratched; scratching.
Billiards sense of "to hit the cue ball into a pocket" is first recorded 1909 (also, originally, itch), though earlier it meant "a lucky shot" (1850). Meaning "to withdraw (a horse) from a race" is 1865, from notion of scratching name off list of competitors; used in a non-sporting sense of "cancel a plan, etc." from 1680s. To scratch the surface "make only slight progress in penetrating or understanding" is from 1882. To scratch (one's) head as a gesture of perplexity is recorded from 1712.
in Old Scratch "the Devil," 1740, from earlier Scrat, from Old Norse skratte "goblin, wizard," a word which was used in late Old English to gloss "hermaphrodite;" probably originally "monster" (cf. Old High German scraz, scrato "satyr, wood demon," German Schratt, Old High German screz "a goblin, imp, dwarf;" borrowed from Germanic into Slavic, e.g. Polish skrzot "a goblin").
1580s, "slight skin tear produced by a sharp thing," from scratch (v.). Meaning "mark or slight furrow in metal, etc." is from 1660s. American English slang sense of "money" is from 1914, of uncertain signification. Many figurative senses (e.g. up to scratch, originally "ready to meet one's opponent") are from sporting use for "line or mark drawn as a starting place," attested from 1778 (but the earliest use is figurative); meaning "nothing" (as in from scratch) is 1918, generalized from specific 19c. sporting sense of "starting point of a competitor who receives no odds in a handicap match." Sense in billiards is from 1850. Scratch-pad is attested from 1883.
In addition to the idioms beginning with scratch
- scratch one's head
- scratch someone's back
- scratch the surface
- from scratch
- up to par (scratch)