sedative

[ sed-uh-tiv ]
/ ˈsɛd ə tɪv /

adjective

tending to calm or soothe.
allaying irritability or excitement; assuaging pain; lowering functional activity.

noun

a sedative drug or agent.

Nearby words

  1. sedan chair,
  2. sedarim,
  3. sedate,
  4. sedately,
  5. sedation,
  6. seddon,
  7. sedecias,
  8. sedentary,
  9. seder,
  10. sederunt

Origin of sedative

1375–1425; late Middle English (adj.) (< Middle French sédatif) < Medieval Latin sēdātīvus, equivalent to Latin sēdāt(us) (see sedate) + -īvus -ive

Related formsun·sed·a·tive, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sedative


British Dictionary definitions for sedative

sedative

/ (ˈsɛdətɪv) /

adjective

having a soothing or calming effect
of or relating to sedation

noun

med a sedative drug or agent

Word Origin for sedative

C15: from Medieval Latin sēdātīvus, from Latin sēdātus assuaged; see sedate 1

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sedative

sedative

adj.

"tending to calm or soothe," early 15c., from Medieval Latin sedativus "calming, allaying," from sedat-, past participle stem of sedare, causative of sedere "to sit" (see sedentary). The noun derivative meaning "a sedative drug" is attested from 1785. Hence, "whatever soothes or allays."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for sedative

sedative

[ sĕdə-tĭv ]

adj.

Having a soothing, calming, or tranquilizing effect; reducing or relieving anxiety, stress, irritability, or excitement.

n.

An agent or a drug that produces a soothing, calming, or tranquilizing effect.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for sedative

sedative

[ sĕdə-tĭv ]

A drug having a calming or quieting effect, often given to reduce anxiety or to promote relaxation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.