verb (used with object)
  1. to expel from or relegate to a country or place by authoritative decree; condemn to exile: He was banished to Devil's Island.
  2. to compel to depart; send, drive, or put away: to banish sorrow.

Origin of banish

1275–1325; Middle English banisshen < Anglo-French, Old French baniss-, long stem of banir < Frankish *bannjan to proclaim, akin to ban1
Related formsban·ish·er, nounban·ish·ment, nounnon·ban·ish·ment, nounpro·ban·ish·ment, adjectiveself-ban·ished, adjectiveself-ban·ish·ment, nounun·ban·ished, adjective

Synonyms for banish Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for self-banishment

Historical Examples of self-banishment

  • Here Jack was wasting life in idleness, in self-banishment, in inordinate affections and deceits of the flesh.

  • Servitude in the house of a husband, or self-banishment into a convent—these are the sad alternatives presented for her choice.

    The Bible

    John E. Remsburg

  • None asked her a reason for her self-banishment, none inquired whether the cause of her exile was crime or misfortune.

British Dictionary definitions for self-banishment


verb (tr)
  1. to expel from a place, esp by an official decree as a punishment
  2. to drive awayto banish gloom
Derived Formsbanishment, noun

Word Origin for banish

C14: from Old French banir, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German ban
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for self-banishment



late 14c., banischen, from banniss-, extended stem of Old French banir "announce, proclaim; levy; forbid; banish, proclaim an outlaw," from a Germanic source (perhaps Frankish *bannjan "to order or prohibit under penalty"), or from Vulgar Latin cognate *bannire (see bandit). Related: Banished; banishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper