lacerate [ verb las- uh-reyt; adjective las- uh-reyt, -er-it] Synonyms Word Origin verb (used with object), lac·er·at·ed, lac·er·at·ing. to tear roughly; mangle: The barbed wire lacerated his hands. to distress or torture mentally or emotionally; wound deeply; pain greatly: His bitter criticism lacerated my heart. Origin of lacerate 1535–45;
past participle of
to tear up (derivative of
-ate 1 Related forms lac·er·a·ble, adjective lac·er·a·bil·i·ty , [las-er- uh- bil-i-tee] /ˌlæs ər əˈbɪl ɪ ti/ noun lac·er·a·tive , [ las- uh-rey-tiv, -er- uh-tiv] /ˈlæs əˌreɪ tɪv, -ər ə tɪv/ adjective self-lac·er·at·ing, adjective un·lac·er·at·ing, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for self-lacerating to tear (the flesh, etc) jaggedly to hurt or harrow (the feelings, etc) adjective ( ˈlæsəˌreɪt, -rɪt) having edges that are jagged or torn; lacerated lacerate leaves Derived Forms lacerable, adjective lacerability, noun laceration, noun lacerative, adjective Word Origin
C16: from Latin
lacerāre to tear, from lacer mangled
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for self-lacerating lacerate v.
early 15c., from Latin
laceratus, past participle of lacerare "tear to pieces, mangle," figuratively, "to slander, censure, abuse," from lacer "torn, mangled," from PIE root *lek- "to rend, tear" (cf. Greek lakis "tatter, rag," lakizein "to tear to pieces;" Russian lochma "rag, tatter, scrap;" Albanian l'akur "naked"). Related: Lacerated; lacerating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
self-lacerating in Medicine lacerate (lăs ′ə-rāt′)
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.