- a person in a condition of servitude, required to render services to a lord, commonly attached to the lord's land and transferred with it from one owner to another.
- a slave.
Origin of serf
Synonyms for serfSee more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Related Words for serfageyoke, servitude, enslavement, serfdom, subjugation, thralldom, servility, thrall, subjection, peonage, helotry, serfage
- (esp in medieval Europe) an unfree person, esp one bound to the land. If his lord sold the land, the serf was passed on to the new landlord
Word Origin for serf
Word Origin and History for serfage
late 15c., "servant, serving-man, slave," from Old French serf "vassal, servant, slave" (12c.), from Latin servum (nominative servus) "slave" (see serve). Fallen from use in original sense by 18c. Meaning "lowest class of cultivators of the soil in continental European countries" is from 1610s. Use by modern writers with reference to medieval Europeans first recorded 1761 (contemporary Anglo-Latin records used nativus, villanus, or servus).