[ seer-uh m ]
/ ˈsɪər əm /
noun, plural se·rums, se·ra [seer-uh] /ˈsɪər ə/.
Origin of serum
1655–65; < Latin: whey
Related formsse·rum·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for serumal
/ (ˈsɪərəm) /
noun plural -rums or -ra (-rə)
Derived Formsserumal, adjective
Word Origin for serum
C17: from Latin: whey
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for serumal
1670s, "watery animal fluid," from Latin serum "watery fluid, whey," from PIE root *ser- (2) "to run, flow" (cf. Greek oros "whey;" Sanskrit sarah "flowing," sarit "brook, river"). First applied 1893 to blood serum used in medical treatments.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for serumal (1 of 2)
[ sîr′ə-məl ]
Relating to or derived from serum.
Medicine definitions for serumal (2 of 2)
[ sîr′əm ]
n. pl. se•rums
A watery fluid, especially one that moistens the surface of serous membranes or that is exuded by such membranes when they become inflamed.
The clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating whole blood into its solid and liquid components.
Such fluid from the tissues of immunized animals, containing antibodies and used to transfer immunity to another individual.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for serumal
[ sîr′əm ]
Plural serums sera
See blood serum.
Blood serum extracted from an animal that has immunity to a particular disease. The serum contains antibodies to one or more specific disease antigens, and when injected into humans or other animals, it can transfer immunity to those diseases.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.