- legal residence in a specific place.
- (of a pauper) the right to claim food and shelter from an official agency or specific town or district.
Origin of settlement
- the payment of an outstanding account, invoice, charge, etc
- (as modifier)settlement day
- a conveyance, usually to trustees, of property to be enjoyed by several persons in succession
- the deed or other instrument conveying such property
- the determination of a dispute, etc, by mutual agreement without resorting to legal proceedings
1620s, "act of fixing or steadying;" from settle (v.) + -ment. Meaning "a colony," especially a new one, "tract of country newly developed" is attested from 1690s; that of "small village on the frontier" is from 1827, American English. Sense of "payment of an account" is from 1729; legal sense "a settling of arrangements" (of divorce, property transfer, etc.) is from 1670s.