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seven

[sev-uh n]
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noun
  1. a cardinal number, 6 plus 1.
  2. a symbol for this number, as 7 or VII.
  3. a set of this many persons or things.
  4. a playing card with seven pips.
  5. sevens, (used with a singular verb) fan-tan(def 1).
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adjective
  1. amounting to seven in number.
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Verb Phrases
  1. seven out, crap2(def 3a).
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Origin of seven

before 900; Middle English seoven(e), seofne, seven, Old English seofon; cognate with German sieben, Gothic sibun; akin to Old Irish secht, Welsh saith, Latin septem, Greek heptá, Polish siedem, Sanskrit saptá
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

septenaryhebdomadheptadseptemviralseptennialseptupleseptuplicate

Examples from the Web for seven

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • They were fabled as seven sisters, and one lost her place in the sky by marrying a mortal.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • Sure, gent, I'll have it here at seven, and be here at seven-thirty.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • And the undertaker's bill was seven dollars and forty-five cents.

  • But Babylon was made into one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

    Ancient Man

    Hendrik Willem van Loon

  • In the afternoon continued on a little south of east for about seven miles.


British Dictionary definitions for seven

seven

noun
  1. the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one and is a prime numberSee also number (def. 1)
  2. a numeral, 7, VII, etc, representing this number
  3. the amount or quantity that is one greater than six
  4. anything representing, represented by, or consisting of seven units, such as a playing card with seven symbols on it
  5. Also called: seven o'clock seven hours after noon or midnight
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determiner
    1. amounting to sevenseven swans a-swimming
    2. (as pronoun)you've eaten seven already Related prefixes: hepta-, septi-
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See also sevens

Word Origin

Old English seofon; related to Gothic sibun, German sieben, Old Norse sjau, Latin septem, Greek hepta, Sanskrit saptá
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for seven

n.

Old English seofon, from Proto-Germanic *sebun (cf. Old Saxon sibun, Old Norse sjau, Swedish sju, Danish syv, Old Frisian sowen, siugun, Middle Dutch seven, Dutch zeven, Old High German sibun, German sieben, Gothic sibun), from PIE *septm "seven" (cf. Sanskrit sapta, Avestan hapta, Hittite shipta, Greek hepta, Latin septem, Old Church Slavonic sedmi, Lithuanian septyni, Old Irish secht, Welsh saith).

Long regarded as a number of perfection (e.g. seven wonders; seven sleepers, the latter translating Latin septem dormientes; seven against Thebes, etc.), but that notion is late in Old English and in German a nasty, troublesome woman could be eine böse Sieben "an evil seven" (1662).

Magical power or healing skill associated since 16c. with the seventh son ["The seuenth Male Chyld by iust order (neuer a Gyrle or Wench being borne betweene)," Thomas Lupton, "A Thousand Notable Things," 1579]. The typical number for "very great, strong," e.g. seven-league boots in the fairy story of Hop o'my Thumb. The Seven Years' War (1756-63) is also the Third Silesian War.

The Seven Stars (Old English sibunsterri), usually refers to the Pleiades, though in 15c. and after this name occasionally was given to the Big Dipper (which also has seven stars), or the seven planets of classical astronomy. Popular as a tavern sign, it might also (with six in a circle, one in the center) be a Masonic symbol.

FOOL: ... The reason why the
seven stars are no more than seven is a pretty reason.
LEAR: Because they are not eight?
FOOL: Yes, indeed: thou wouldst make a good fool.
["King Lear," Act I, Scene V]
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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with seven

seven

see at sixes and sevens; in seventh heaven.

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.